Skin exfoliation is the process by which the dead layers of the skin are removed and replaced by new layers. Exfoliation is important in combating a number of skin blemishes including the development of skin wrinkles, scars on the surface of the skin, and in the removal of dark patches from the surface. There are a number of ways that skin exfoliation may be achieved. One of the most popular and reliable, yet relatively inexpensive method to achieve this is through the use of TCA peels.
The solution is mainly a constituent of Trichloroacetic Acid. The percentage of acid within the solution will determine whether the solution is strong, medium or low in strength. The different concentrations of chemical peel solutions are established in order to achieve different results, as well as to take care of diverse types of skins while limiting side effects from the use of the solution. Strong solutions are used in treating serious skin conditions that occur in a relatively small area of the skin, and where the area of the skin is made of keratin or numerous dead layers.
A medium strength solution on the other hand contains 25% TCA and is most preferred for the treatment of many conditions. A medium TCA peel solution is used in treating skin conditions such as scars, and the removal or lightening of tattoos among other methods. The medium solution can be applied over softer areas of the skin. The area treated by the 25% TCA peel solution has to be kept away from the harmful rays of the sun afterwards because treatment with TCA may result in what is much like a sunburn. Exposing your healing skin to the sun afterwards will only aggravate the condition so use sun block
For a medium chemical peel solution, it is essential to note that the patch of skin treated ought also to be treated with an antibacterial ointment. The ointment is to prevent bacterial infections which may result because of removal of dead layers of skin.
The final TCA concentration is the low strength, which may be anything above a 10% chemical peel but below the medium concentration. The low strength TCA peels are used in the treatment of numerous skin conditions, over a longer period of time, but without the risk of side effects on the skin or general health.