Chemical peeling is the process of subjecting your skin to a minor chemical burn. Through this, the skin will be young-looking and healthier after each peeling (that is, after each chemical burning). When the treated area is burned, the healing process will begin. Basically, the skin will be burned but not to the extent that serious damages will be realized. Also, the rejuvenation process not only equalizes the damage but also triggers the skin’s defense system.
Chemical Peel Strengths
The most intense and deepest type of chemical peel is carried out using phenol. Phenol can cause damage to the skin hence the individuals using phenol is advised to avoid direct sunlight for many weeks. The treated area will burn for longer period but the effects are guaranteed. The effects of phenol chemical peeling last longer compared to other chemical peels. Phenol peeling not only eliminates blotching and coarse wrinkles but also precancerous lesions. The person needs not redo phenol peeling interminably as well.
Less intense chemical peel is carried out using trichloacetic acid or simply TCA. Instead of months, TCA chemical peeling requires a recovery period of about 10 days. Compared to phenol peels, TCA chemical peel can be used by people of color without worrying about the consequence of serious pigmentation. While the effects of TCA chemical peels cannot be compared to that of phenol chemical peeling, TCA peel can smoothen out wrinkles and eliminate scars and other skin blemishes including blotches, discolorations and pigmentations.
Least intense chemical peel is carried out using hydroxy acids. Since this is light, the individual may have to carry out the sessions repeatedly. It cannot eliminate wrinkles but hydroxy acids can improve the overall skin appearance. Hydroxy acids can eliminate sun-damaged skin and correct blemish issues such as acne and pigmentation. Hydroxy acids are appropriate for people who cannot afford not to go out. These are the people who do not have serious skin imperfections or those who are worried about the side effects of using highly intense chemical peels.
There are two kinds of hydroxyl acids: alpha and beta. Alphahydroxy acid is considered the safest peel though it can still irritate the skin. Beta hydroxy acid is also safe and it cannot irritate the skin. Beta hydroxy acid is simply known as salicylic acid.